Capsulitis occurs when a toe joint ligament in the foot becomes inflamed due to over-stretching. These ligaments connect the toe and metatarsal bones. Capsulitis usually results from extending too much pressure to the forefoot as a result of trauma, overuse, or ill-fitting footwear.
What Are Some Causes of Capsulitis?
Sudden trauma or too much stress on the forefoot and toes
High heels, ill-fitting footwear, unsupportive footwear, or footwear inappropriate for the activity at hand
Activities that involve recurring bending of the toes, such as ladder climbing, gardening, or working on the floor or ground
Other medical conditions or deformities that render the foot and toe joints susceptible to inflammation, such as arthritis
What Are Symptoms of Capsulitis?
Pain and stiffness in the forefront and ball area of the foot
Swelling and tenderness of the toe joints
Sharp aches and pains in the toe joints
Since capsulitis often mimics other serious foot conditions, such as Morton’s neuroma, it is best to see a doctor for accurate diagnosis
How Is Capsulitis Treated?
Wear properly fitting footwear with low heels and plenty of support, along with cushioned orthotics to alleviate stress to the forefoot area
Refrain from the activity that caused the initial inflammation and rest intermittently during activities that involve recurring toe bending
Apply ice to the affected area
Take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications on a temporary basis (ask your doctor first)